Prunus mexicana , commonly known as the Mexican Plum is a species of plum tree that is found in the Midwestern and Southeastern United States as well as Northern Mexico . Its native range stretches from South Dakota and Ohio in the north to as far south as Alabama and Coahuila.
Mexican Plum is widely cultivated, such as on the west coast of the United States. It has a single trunk and reaches a height of 15-38 feet (4.6-12 m).
Bigtree or Mexican plum is a single-trunked, non-suckering tree, 15-35 ft. tall, with fragrant, showy, white flowers displayed before the leaves appear. Mature trunks become satiny, blue-gray with darker, horizontal striations.
. Leaves up to 5 inches long and 2 inches wide, ovate to narrower with serrate margins; minute glands on the petiole near the base of the blade. Plums turn from yellow to mauve to purple as they ripen from July through September. The common wild plum of the forest-prairie border from Missouri and eastern Kansas to Texas.
. The fruit is eaten fresh and made into preserves and is also consumed by birds and mammals. This species has served as a stock for grafting cultivated varieties of plums.