This is Siling Labuyo, or Filipino bird's eye pepper. It is one of the world's hotter peppers, slightly milder than a habañero. Apparently it is becoming less common even in its native land, giving way to the larger and milder Thai peppers at markets across the Philippines, siling labuyo (bird's eye chili) that grows in the forested area of northern Luzon. This tiny chili is known for its intense piquancy - so small, yet so hot in taste.
Siling Labuyo or Chili Pepper (Scientific Name: Capsicum frutescens) is a common backyard plant in the Philippines especially in the province. Its plant growing to a height of 0.8 to 1.5 meters only, thus the city people or those who doesn't have a garden or extra lot can cultivate them in a flower pot. The leaves (dahon ng sili) are known source of iron and calcium and Filipinos use them as vegetable and a popular ingredient to Filipino dishes such as "tinola" and "monggo".
Peppers can be grown all year long in containers. It is suitable for apartment dwellers and gardeners who live in cool regions where the number of growing days are limited. Many pepper enthusiast grow peppers in pots so they can have fresh peppers all year long. It's best to use 5 gallon containers so the roots do not get too over-crowded!
The pepper fruit (sili) grows numerously per one stem and are in bright red when ripe. It grows to 1.5 to 2.5 cm long. Filipinos believe that the smaller and the brighter the red color of the pepper fruit is, the stronger the chili taste is. Filipinos love to eat them raw like crushing them in vinegar sauce or mix them with other condiments or make them into chili sauce. They also mix them in dishes especially with "ginataan" and to almost all kinds of appetizers. They are most popular in the Bicol Region.
Instruction PEPPER Sow seeds indoors ¼" deep. Peppers germinate best in warm soil, so gentle bottom heat may be helpful until seedlings emerge. Wait to transplant outdoors until soil is warm. Pepper varieties come from tropical humid regions. The temperature, moisture, and air circulation all play a role in growing plants from seeds. Too little heat, too much moisture, and lack of air circulation will cause poor results. Do not use jiffy peat pots, plugs, or potting soil as the soil becomes too dry or too wet, which can lead to disease and fungus. We have experienced disease and low germination when using these types of products. Use Organic Seed Starting Material for best germination results. Peppers often like to take their sweet time germinating. They can be up in a week, and some will take almost a month. Even with paper towel germination testing, they can take long. I am not sure why, but it is a normal occurrence. So plan and make sure you start them early enough! Also, remember they like heat to germinate so make sure you have a heating mat or something to keep the soil warm. Placing them up on top of the fridge often works too since it is normally warmer up there.