Hardiness Zones: 4-9
Growth Rate: Moderate to rapid
Site Requirements: Sun to partial shade; moist, well drained soil; will tolerate damp soil
Texture: Fine to medium
Form: Pyramidal when young; upright; open; thin twigs
Height: 40 to 70'
Width: 40 to 60'
Leaf: 2 to 3.5" alternate, simple leaf; modest yellow fall color
Flower/Fruit: Fruiting catkins
Comments: Multistemmed is desired; native; graceful branching; easy to transplant; best not to prune in spring - sap "bleeds"; heat tolerant; cinnamon brown exfoliating bark; seeds attract birds.