Echinacea purpurea can be propagated either vegetatively or from seeds. Echinacea purpurea (eastern purple coneflower or purple coneflower) is a North American species of flowering plant in the sunflower family. Its cone-shaped flowering heads are usually, but not always, purple in the wild. Its individual flowers (florets) within the flower head are hermaphroditic, having both male and female organs in each flower. It is pollinated by butterflies and bees. Its habitats include dry open woods, prairies and barrens, as well as in cultivated beds. Echinacea purpurea is also grown as an ornamental plant, and numerous cultivars have been developed for flower quality and plant form. Useful vegetative techniques include division, root cuttings, and basal cuttings. Clumps can be divided, or broken into smaller bunches, which is normally done in the spring or autumn. Seed germination occurs best with daily temperature fluctuations or after stratification, which help to end dormancy. Seeds may be started indoors in advance of the growing season or outdoors after the growing season has started.
Up to 120 cm (47 in) tall by 25 cm (10 in) wide at maturity.
It blooms throughout spring to late summer.
It is pollinated by butterflies and bees.
Prefers loamy or sandy, well-drained soils, it is little affected by the soil's pH.
It thrives in either dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought once established.